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Chronology of Armenian History



Bagratids Dynasty (Bagratuni) Third period of independence

  • 885-890 - Ashot I
  • 890-914 - Sembat I
  • 914-929 - Ashot II
  • 921-- Ashot, the Usurper
  • 929- 953- Abas
  • 953- 977- Ashot III, "the Merciful"
  • 977- 989- Sembat II, the Conqueror
  • 989-1020 - Gagik I (Shahenshah)
  • 1020-1042 - Sembat III or Hovhannes Sembat
  • 1020-1042 - Ashot IV
  • 1042-1045 - Gagik II (died 1079 at Cyzistra) - Surrender and sale of the city of Ani.
  • 1045-1064 - Second invasion by Seljukides. City of Ani Captured


Kingdom of Vaspurakan (Ardzruni)

  • 914- 937 - Katchik-Gagik
  • 937- 953 - Derenik-Ashot
  • 953- 972 - Abousahl-Hamazasp
  • 972- 983 - Ashot-Sahak
  • 983-1003 - Gourgen-Khatchik
  • 1003- - Seneqerim-Hovannes (died 1026)
  • 1027-1037 - David, at Sivas
  • 1037-1080 - Atom, at Sivas
  • 1037-1080 - Abousahl, at Sivas


Kingdom of Kars

  • 962-984 - Mushegh
  • 984-989 - Abas
  • 1029-1064 - Gagik (died in Greece 1080)


Kingdom of Armenian Albania

  • 1046 - David died
  • 1046-1082 - Korik


The Principality and Kingdom of Cilicia (1080) - Fourth period of independence - Roupenian Dynasty

1. Barons
  • 1080-1095 - Roupen I
  • 1095-1099 - Constantine I, The Crusaders in Armenia
  • 1099-1129 - Theros I
  • 1129-1137 - Leon I, died 1141 in Constantinople
  • 1137-1145 - Rule of the Byzantines
  • 1145-1169 - Thoros II
  • 1170-1175 - Mleh - Prince of Cilicia
  • 1175-1187 - Roupen II
  • 1187-1196 - Leon II (Levon), then as King Leon I 1196-1219


2. Kings & Queen
  • 1196-1219 - Leon I  (crowned 1199)
  • 1219-1252 - Queen Zabel
  • 1222-1225 - Philip


Hetoumian Dynasty
  • 1226-1270 - Hetoum I
  • 1270-1289 - Leon II
  • 1289-1297 - Hetoum II
  • 1293-1295 - Thoros
  • 1296-1298 - Sembat
  • 1298-1299 - Constantin I
  • 1301-1307 - Leon III
  • 1308-1320 - Oshin
  • 1320-1342 - Leon V


Lusignan Dynasty (Kings)
  • 1342-1344 - Guy de Lusignan or Constantin II
  • 1344-1363 - Constantin III
  • 1363-1365 - Leon IV
  • 1365-1373 - Constantin IV
  • 1374-1375 - Leon VI, Died in Paris, 1393


End of the Cilician Kingdom



End of 14th c. to 17th c. - A period of impoverishment & decadence in Armenian Culture.

  • End of 14th c. - Tamburlaine invades Armenia
  • 1512 -First Armenian book printed, in Venice.
  • Mid 15th c. -Ottomans & Iranian Safarids Dynasty fought for dominion over Anatolia & the Caucasian region
  • 1585 - Ottomans succeeded in annexing the eastern part of Armenia as far as the Caucasus.
  • 1602-1620 - Armenians deported from Julfa (Djugh) to Isfahan (New Julfa) by king Shah Abbas I of Persia, (100,000 people).


Liberation Movements - The start of the "Armenian question"

  • 1677-1711 -Israel Ori: independence struggle
  • 1715 -The Mekhitarist Fathers in Venice
  • 1722-1730 -Davit' Bek fights the Ottomans
  • 1762-1796 - Attempts by General Hovsep' (Joseph) Emin & Archbishop Hovsep' Arghut'ian to form an anti-Islamic coalition between Gorgia, Russia & the Armenians failed.
  • 1828 - The treaty of Turkmencay - Eastern Armenia annexed by Russia under the rule of Czar Paul I.
  • 1839 -Tanzimat movement, promoted by Sultan Mahmud II as a stimulus and program for an approach by the Ottoman Empire to the Western culture.
  • 1840-1880 -The Reawakening (Zart'onk) - Expansion of schools and attempts to set up the periodical press. Abolition of clerical monopoly over culture. Changes in the day to day lifestyle. New merchant classes emerged along with professional people, artisans and above all a new class of intellectuals.
  • 1885-1890 -The founding of the three main Armenian political parties: Armenakan (1885, Armenian); Hntchakian (1887, socialist); and Dashnaktsakan (1890).
  • 1893-1894 - Arrests and most atrocious treatments were being carried out by the Ottoman Turks against the Christians (Armenians). Heavy taxes were imposed, hundreds of Armenian civilians were cast into Turkish prisons, stripped of their clothes and tortured in the most diabolical manner. A new low by the Turkish gov. saw the word "Armenia" stricken out of every book. Rights to worship the Christian religion was suppressed. Many more restrictions and laws were put forth to further suppress the Christian communities in the Turkish empire.
  • 1894 onward - Massacres of Armenians at Sassun, Trebizond, Erzrum, Harput, Antab, Marash, Urfa, Bitlis and many other Armenian towns and surrounding villages.
  • 1908 - The Ramkavar political party was founded and few years later the Armenian Communist Party.
  • 1908-1909 - The "Young Turk" Regime came to power in Turkey - Sultan Abdul-Hamid was deposed and exiled to Salonika
  • 1915-1918 - World War I - Over 1.5 million Armenians were massacred and deported out of their homeland by the Turkish Government.
  • May28, 1918 - Sardarabat battle (Independence Day) and the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia (1918-1920)
  • 1920 - Treaty of Svres
  • 1920-1991 -Soviet Armenian Republic
  • 1920-1991 -Soviet Armenian Republic


The New Independent Republic of Armenia

  • September 21, 1991 ->Independence day - The establishment of the second Republic of Armenia
  • October 16, 1991 -Levon Ter-Petrosian elected first President of the Republic of Armenia
  • April 1998 - Robert Kocharyan was elected the second President of the Republic of Armenia
  • Mars 5, 2003 -Robert Kocharyan was reelected for a five-year term











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